Texas State Monument at Gaines Mill Va.

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Texas State Monument at Gaines Mill, Va

Signed and numbered edition of 1862

 

Battlefield Monument Replica Collection, Monument. Cast in stone resin and bonded bronze, complete with all engraved wording.

Sized at 4.5" X 1.5" X 9"

Crafted and Made in the United States

 

Texas State Monument at Gaines Mill, Va
This marker is in Mechanicsville, Virginia, in Hanover County. It can be reached from Watt House Road, Virginia Route 718 - 0.4 miles south of Cold Harbor Road - Virginia Route 156.

 

Erected 2012 by State of Texas.

This marker is one of 19 monuments placed by the State of Texas on battlefields across the nation, preserving the memories of the contributions made by the state’s military units during the Civil War.

The Battle of Gaines's Mill, sometimes known as the First Battle of Cold Harbor or the Battle of Chickahominy River, took place on June 27, 1862, in Hanover County, Virginia,

 

Gaines' Mill was Robert E. Lee's first major victory of the Civil War

On June 1, 1862, Joseph E. Johnston, commanding the Army of Northern Virginia, at the Battle of Seven Pines, was seriously wounded. With the Army of the Potomac at his Richmond doorstep, Confederate President Jefferson Davis appointed Robert E. Lee to become the new commander of the largest Confederate army in the East.

The Confederate assault at Gaines' Mill, by many estimates, was the largest of the Civil War

At the Battle of Gaines' Mill, Robert E. Lee's soldiers had made a number of attacks against Porter's lines. At 7pm, with additional Confederate forces now in position, Lee unleashed upwards of 32,000 men - sixteen brigades - While not the most organized affair, this assault was likely the largest of the Civil War. By comparison, more famous assaults such as Pickett's Charge, with its roughly 12,500 men, and Hood's attack at Franklin, with its 20,000, are far smaller in size than Lee's 7pm. Gaines' Mill attack.

Gaines' Mill was the second bloodiest battle in American history

When one considers combat casualties (killed, wounded, or missing), the Battle of Gaines' Mill, at its conclusion, was the second bloodiest battle in American history. Only the Battle of Shiloh (April 6-7, 1862) was bloodier than Gaines' Mill.

Led by John Bell Hood, the famed Texas Brigade achieved its first great feat of combat arms at Gaines' Mill

Considered by many to be the toughest fighting brigade in the Army of Northern Virginia, the Texas Brigade (comprised of the 1st TX, 4th TX, 5th TX, 18th GA, and Hampton's South Carolina Legion at Gaines' Mill) led the charge that broke the Union line atop the Watt House plateau. It was this determined charge that helped seal the Confederate victory at Gaines' Mill.